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Apr 23, 2023Liked by Bruce Ivar Gudmundsson

Not long ago, a young 2Lt asked me two simple questions: (1) what makes the operational level different from tactical and strategic levels and (2) what makes the manoeuvrist approach unique?

Two simple questions about words we use daily, but I was surprised by how difficult it was to provide simple answers. I thought of these concepts as clear-cut, but when it came time to explain them to an apprentice practitioner, I began to struggle. I enjoy reading the Tactical Notebook because you dig in to the history of military organizations and theory to show how we got here. This post was a timely reminder that doctrine was not etched in stone tablets on Mount Sinai, it's a living garden tended by humans.

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